# Class 12 Mathematics Syllabus 2018

Download latest* cbse Class 12 Mathematics syllabus* for the session 2017-18. Class 12 Maths Board exam will consist of 100 marks. There will be complete syllabus in your final/annual exam. Each year cbse keep on issuing revised syllabus. Although the topics and textbooks remain same, the topics and question pattern vary. Along with

**Mathematics syllabus for class 12**cbse has also issued the chapter-wise breakup of questions along with weightage of each chapter. The package also enlists the learning objectives. That’s why it is recommended to download

*new Class 12 Mathematics syllabus 2017-18*this year and be on safe side.

We’ve got several queries from students throughout the country regarding their poor performance in the board exams. One noteworthy point was that most of them didn’t bother about the *Mathematics syllabus issued by CBSE*, they just practised the sample papers or directly appeared in board exams. It’s very important to avoid such situation and practise at least sample papers issued by cbse and previous year questions. These syllabi are also very helpful for JEE Mains, JEE Advanced, NEET etc.exams. Syllabus acts as prima facie for your CBSE exam. It reduces the topics, tells the weightage of each chapter so that you can invest more time on important topics.

Here we have presented the * CBSE syllabus for Mathematics class 12* in the same format as released by CBSE, without any changes or editing from our side. Students are advised to download the

*class 12 cbse Mathematics syllabus*for the session 2017-2018 even if you have the previous year syllabus because there might be changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format. Scroll down to view the detailed syllabus.

Mathematics Syllabus Class 12 for March 2018 Board Exam

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## Mathematics Syllabus for Class 12 – March 2018 exam

### Unit I: Relations and Functions

**1. Relations and Functions**

Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions, composite functions, inverse of a function. Binary operations.

**2. Inverse Trigonometric Functions**

Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions. Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions.

### Unit II: Algebra

**1. Matrices**

Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Noncommutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of order 2).Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).

**2. Determinants**

Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, co-factors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix.

### Unit III: Calculus

**1. Continuity and Differentiability**

Continuity and differentiability, derivative of composite functions, chain rule, derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions, derivative of implicit functions. Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions.

Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second order derivatives. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems (without proof) and their geometric interpretation.

**2. Applications of Derivatives**

Applications of derivatives: rate of change of bodies, increasing/decreasing functions, tangents and normals, use of derivatives in approximation, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real-life situations).

**3. Integrals**

Integration as inverse process of differentiation.Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them.

Definite integrals as a limit of a sum, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals.

**4. Applications of the Integrals**

Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, circles/parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only), Area between any of the two above said curves (the region should be clearly identifiable).

**5. Differential Equations**

Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation.Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given. Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equation of the type:

dy/dx + py = q, where p and q are functions of x or constants.

dx/dy + px = q, where p and q are functions of y or constants.

### Unit IV: Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry

**1. Vectors**

Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector.Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Definition, Geometrical Interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors, scalar triple product of vectors.

**2. Three – Dimensional Geometry**

Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points.Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, shortest distance between two lines.Cartesian and vector equation of a plane.Angle between (i) two lines, (ii) two planes, (iii) a line and a plane. Distance of a point from a plane.

### Unit V: Linear Programming

**1. Linear Programming**

Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimization, different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems, mathematical formulation of L.P. problems, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions (bounded and unbounded), feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints).

### Unit VI: Probability

**1. Probability**

Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability. independent events, total probability, Baye’s theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution, mean and variance of random variable. Repeated independent (Bernoulli) trials and Binomial distribution.

### Prescribed Books:

2) Mathematics Part I – Textbook for Class XII, NCERT Publication

3) Mathematics Part II – Textbook for Class XII, NCERT Publication

5) Mathematics Exemplar Problem for Class XII, Published by NCERT