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cbse syllabus

Download latest cbse class 9 Social Science Map work syllabus for the session 2017-18. This year CBSE has changed the exam pattern. This year, there is no CCE pattern or division of syllabus for SA1 or SA2 as it used to be before. This year complete syllabus will be there for your final/annual exam. Your final exam will consist of 80 marks and 20 marks will be of internal assessment. Each year cbse keep on issuing revised syllabus. Although the topics and textbooks remain same, the contents within vary year by year. Along with Social Science Map work syllabus for class 9 cbse has also issued the chapterwise syllabus along with weightage of each chapter. The package also enlists the learning objectives. That’s why it is strongly recommended to download new class 9 sst map work syllabus 2017-18 this year and be on safe side.

Map work is one of the key questions in the board exams. Gone are the days of SA1& SA2, now you have to practise a lot, precisely, complete syllabus! It’ll be better if you practise according to the Social Science map work syllabus. We’ve got several stories from students throughout the country regarding their poor performance in Social Science of the board exams. One noteworthy point was that most of them didn’t bother about the syllabus issued by CBSE, they just practised the sample papers or directly appeared in board exams. It’s very important to avoid such situation. Syllabus acts as prima facie for your CBSE exam. It reduces the topics, tells the weightage of each chapter so that you can invest more time on important topics, tells the question paper format and much more.

Students are advised to download the class 9 cbse Social Science map work syllabus for the session 2017-2018 even if they have the previous year syllabus because there is a lot of changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format.

CBSE Social Science Map Work Syllabus Class 9




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Class 9 Social Science Map Work Syllabus for March 2018 Board Exam

List of Map Items for Social Science are:

Subject – History

Chapter-1: The French Revolution

Outline map of France (For locating and labelling/Identification)

  • Bordeaux
  • Nantes
  • Paris
  • Marseilles

Chapter-2: Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution

Outline map of World (For locating and labelling/Identification)

  • Major countries of First World War: (Central Powers and Allied Powers); Central Powers – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey (Ottoman Empire); Allied Powers – France, England, (Russia), America

Chapter-3: Nazism and the Rise of Hitler

Outline map of World (For locating and labelling/Identification)

  • Major countries of Second World War: Axis Powers – Germany, Italy, Japan; Allied Powers – UK, France, Former USSR, USA
  • Territories under German expansion (Nazi power): Austria, Poland, Czechoslovakia (only Slovakia shown in the map), Denmark, Lithuania, France, Belgium

Subject – Geography

CH-1: INDIA-SIZE AND LOCATION

India – States with Capitals, Tropic of Cancer, Standard Meridian, Southern most, northern most, eastern most and western most point of India (Location and Labelling)

CH-2: PHYSICAL FEATURES OF INDIA

  • Mountain Ranges: The Karakoram, The Zasker,The Shivalik, The Aravali, The Vindhya, The Satpura, Western & Eastern Ghats
  • Mountain Peaks: K2, Kanchan Junga, Anai Mudi
  • Plateau: Deccan Plateau, Chotta Nagpur Plateau, Malwa plateau
  • Coastal Plains: Konkan, Malabar, Coromandal & Northern Circar (Location and Labelling)

CH-3: DRAINAGE

Rivers: (Identification only)

  • a) The Himalayan River Systems-The Indus, The Ganges, and The Satluj
  • b) The Peninsular rivers-The Narmada, The Tapi, The Kaveri, The Krishna, The Godavari,The Mahanadi

Lakes: Wular, Pulicat, Sambhar, Chilika, Vembanad, Kolleru

CH-4: CLIMATE

  • 1. Cities to locate : Tiruvananthpuram, Chennai, Jodhpur, Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, Leh, Shillong, Delhi, Nagpur. (Location and Labelling)
  • 2. Areas receiving rainfall less than 20 cm and over 400 cm (Identification only)

CH-5: NATURAL VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE

  • Vegetation Type: Tropical Evergreen Forest, Tropical Deciduous Forest, Thorn Forest, Montane Forests and MangroveFor identification only
  • National Parks: Corbett, Kaziranga, Ranthambor, Shivpuri, Kanha, Simlipal & Manas
  • Bird Sanctuaries: Bharatpur and Ranganthitto
  • Wild life Sanctuaries: Sariska, Mudumalai, Rajaji, Dachigam (Location and Labelling)

CH-6: POPULATION (location and labelling)

  • The state having highest and lowest density of population
  • The state having highest and lowest sex ratio
  • Largest and smallest state according to area

Download latest cbse Class 12 Agriculture syllabus for March 2018 board exam including marking scheme and chapter-wise weightage. Class 12 Agriculture CBSE Board exam will be of 70 marks & 30 marks will be of Practicals. Details of unit-wise distribution of marks for board exam is given in the syllabus.

Although the topics and textbooks remain same, the syllabus to be covered for board exam vary year by year. Along with Agriculture syllabus for class 12 cbse has also issued the chapter-wise breakup of questions along with weightage of each chapter. That’s why it is recommended to download latest Class 12 Agriculture syllabus 2018 this year and be on safe side. Be smart, prepare according to syllabus and practise at least sample papers issued by cbse and previous year questions

Here we have presented the CBSE Agriculture syllabus class 12 in the same format as released by CBSE, without any changes or editing from our side. Students are advised to download the Agriculture syllabus class 12 cbse for the March 2018 exam even if you have the previous year syllabus because there might be changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format or Scroll down to view.

Agriculture Class 12 Syllabus Session: 2017-18




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Detailed Syllabus Agriculture Class 12 for March 2018 Board Exam

SECTION – I

Unit- I: Advance Crop Production 

 Food production including horticultural crops and its importance in the economy and nutritional security.
 Soil fertility, productivity and concept of essential plant nutrients. Classification of essential plant nutrients.
 Roles and functions of essential plant nutrients, their important deficiency symptoms.
 Soil samplings and its processing. Introduction to soil pH and Organic Carbon.
 Introduction to manure, fertilizers, Bio-fertilizers, their methods of application. Concept of Integrated Nutrient Management (INM).
 Concept of soil moisture availability various irrigation methods. Concept of precision and pressure irrigation – Drip and sprinkler irrigation.
 Methods of insect pest and disease management – Chemical, Biological and Mechanical. Concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM).

Unit – II: Organic Farming

 Concept, history and importance of Organic farming.
 Present status and contribution in the National economy.
 Important food products grown organically. Important Government Schemes for the promotion
of organic farming in our country. Kitchen gardening.

SECTION-II 

Unit III: Post Harvest Management

 Post harvesting management of fruits, vegetables and flowers, cereals, pulses and oilseeds.
Status of food processing in our country.
 Important Government schemes for food sector.

Unit IV: Food Processing and Value Addition

 Principles and methods of food processing and preservation. Benefits of food processing.
 Important value added products from fuits, vegetables, cereals, pulses and oil seeds. Preparation of jam, jelly, ketchup, morabba, pickles, marmalade.
 Packaging, quality standards and their marketing including export.
 Flowers and their harvesting: important processed flower products, packaging, storage and their marketing.
 Concept of safe food and important food regulations.

SECTION-III

Unit V: Subsidiary Enterprises in Agriculture

 Important subsidiary enterprises based on Agriculture including Horticulture and their
importance in the socio-economic status of an individual.
 Mushroom, their nutritional status and methods of production
 Beekeeping and its important usage and importance of Honey, Wax and Royal jelly.
 Landscaping, development and maintenance of lawns and avenue gardens.
 Preparation of Bio-pesticides (plant based), Organic manures (composts) and Vermicomposting.
 Setting up nurseries and marketing of plant sapling and important Govt. Schemes for the
support of these enterprises.

Agriculture Practicals Syllabus Class 12

SECTION: I

Unit I: Advance Crop Production and Organic Farming 

(a) Soil sampling and determination of Soil pH.
(b) Determination of soil organic carbon content.
(c) Preparation of nursery and seed beds.
(d) Seed treatment with fungicides and Bio-fertilizers.
(e) Identification of different types of chemical fertilizers, composts, bio-fertilizers.
(f) Calculation of fertilizer requirement of crops (for wheat, rice and maize) based on their
nutrient needs.
(g) Preparation of FYM and Compost.
(h) Uses of sprayers and dusters for pest control and nutrient spray.
(i) Determination of moisture content of crop seeds (wheat, rice, maize and mustard).
(j) To find out 100-grain weight of crop seeds (wheat, rice, maize and mustard).
(k) Visit to a crop field and compare healthy plant with a diseased and insect affected plant.
(l) Identification of different types of Insecticides, Fungicides and Herbicides.

SECTION: II

Unit II: Post-Harvest Management, Food Processing and Value Addition 

(a) Visit to Bakery Unit, Local Chakki.
(b) Preparation of Jam, Jelly, ketchup and Morabba
(c) Drying of fruits, vegetables and flowers.
(b) Preparation of pickles.
(c) Identification of fresh and aged vegetables and fruits.
(d) Visit to cold storage and record the storage of various fruits and vegetables.
(e) Harvesting and packaging of flowers.
(f) Preparation of flower arrangements such as garland and rangoli.
(g) Visit to a flower mandi and record the activities in the mandi.
(h) Visit to a local fruit market and record the activities in the market.

SECTION: III

Unit III: Subsidiary Enterprises in Agriculture

(a) Preparation of plant based bio-pesticides (neem)
(b) Visit to Mushroom production unit.
(c) Visit to nearby apiary and record the process of beekeeping.
(d) Observe the characteristics of different bee products (honey and wax).
(e) Visit to a vermicomposting unit.
(f) Observe the characteristics of compost.
Notes:
1. The students have to prepare a report on the visits recording their observations on the subject.
2. In case of practical of fruit and vegetable preservation and methods of production of value added
products from fruits and vegetables, the student will have to write the procedure adopted and the
necessary precautions to be taken in the answer sheet provided.

SECTION – IV

Report on the Visits
The student have to prepare a report of their visit to different organizations and submit to Subject teacher
for the evaluation. The report must contain the student’s original work and observations.

SECTION – V

Viva Voce
Students can be asked questions based on:
(i) Identification of objects.
(ii) Visit Report analysis.
(iii) Experiences in their field visits, etc.
A range of 5 to 10 questions can be asked depending on the response of the student. Evaluation 5×1=5 Or
should be based on number of questions answered. Evaluator should stick to the time and ½x10=5
number of questions.

Download latest cbse Class 12 Fashion Studies syllabus for March 2018 board exam including marking scheme and each chapter weightage. Class 12 Fashion Studies CBSE Board exam will be of 70 marks & 30 marks will be of Practicals. Details of unit-wise distribution of marks for board exam is given in the syllabus.

Although the topics and textbooks remain same, the syllabus to be covered for board exam vary year by year. Along with Fashion Studies syllabus for class 12 cbse has also issued the chapter-wise breakup of questions along with weightage of each chapter. That’s why it is recommended to download latest Class 12 Fashion Studies syllabus 2018 this year and be on safe side. Be smart, prepare according to syllabus and practise at least sample papers issued by cbse and previous year questions

Here we have presented the CBSE Fashion Studies syllabus class 12 in the same format as released by CBSE, without any changes or editing from our side. Students are advised to download the Fashion Studies class 12 syllabus cbse for the March 2018 exam even if you have the previous year syllabus because there might be changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format or Scroll down to view.

Fashion Studies Syllabus Class 12 Session: 2017-18




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Detailed Syllabus Fashion Studies Class 12 for March 2018 Board Exam

Chapter-I: History of Fashion (15 Marks)

Objectives of the course
 To provide an overview of history of costume from ancient civilization to the present
 To explain the socio-cultural factors influencing costume
 To familiarize students with terminology of costume history
Learning outcomes
After completion of the unit, the students shall be able to:
 Explain the significance of studying fashion History as a source of research for developing new collections.
 Express their knowledge of History of clothing and Costume
 Illustrate their understanding of the role of multiple factors influencing costume.
 Express their understanding of the effect of Industrial Revolution on clothing
 Use appropriate Terminology related to Fashion History.
Course Content
 Introduction to history of fashion, sources of information
 Factors affecting clothing – protection, ritualistic, identification, adornment
 Origin and development of costume –
(i) Draped costume
(ii) War costume – armour, techniques of construction, ancient war costumes, uniforms
during World Wars, Oriental and Indian war costumes
 Industrial Revolution – mechanical inventions, influence on India
 Effect of World Wars on fashion
 Evolution of 20th century Indian fashion and influence of films on fashion
Teaching Methodology: Illustrated lecture with slides and visuals
Reference Text:
Kaleidoscope of fashion, by Mehar Castilino
Ancient Indian Costume, by Roshan Alkazi

Chapter–II: Basic Pattern Development (20 Marks)

Objectives of the course
 To introduce students to the World of Fashion Designing through pattern development
 To explain the importance of skills for converting a design sketch into a three dimensional form
 To develop basic blocks for bodice, sleeve and skirt
 To understand and implement the concept and importance of test fits and to convert paper patterns into muslin
Learning outcomes
After completion of the unit, the students shall be able to:
 demonstrate understanding the basic skills of Pattern Making.
 demonstrate understanding of the concept of Fit and Balance.
 develop Basic Blocks from measurement charts and body measurements.
 test fit and correct the fit of the Pattern.
 develop patterns for simple Designs using basic blocks.
Course Content
 Methods of measuring body and dress form
 Relationships of sizes and measurements
 Tools of pattern making
 Common terms used in pattern development
 Introduction to pattern Development for womenswear – how patterns are made and developed, the importance of fit and balance and methods of achieving it.
 Basic Bodice – How to develope it from the standard measurement chart and test fitted on the dress form.
 Details such as darts, seam allowance, notches grain lines etc.
 Details like Armholes, Necklines – V, U round, square etc.
 How to develop basic sleeve block.
 How to develop basic skirt block with one dart or two darts, A line and flared skirt
 Basics of collar development – basic collars like peter pan & Chinese
 Dart manipulation
Teaching Methodology: Illustrate lectures with slides, visuals and demonstrations where ever required.
Reference Text
Pattern making by Helen Armstrong
Pattern making for women’s wear by Winifred Aldrich
Pattern making by Pamela Stringer.

Chapter-III: Elements of Fashion (15 Marks)

Objectives of the course
 To introduce students to the basic segments in fashion clothing
 To teach students about fashion, fashion centres, categories of clothing & trims.
 To sensitize students about different items of garments in each category i.e. menswear, womens wear and childrens wear
 To teach students the difference between high fashion and mass fashion garments.
 To distinguish between custom made & ready to wear garments.
Learning outcomes
After completion of the unit, the students shall be able to:
 Demonstrate Understanding the segments in Fashion Clothing.
 Demonstrate understanding and use of appropriate fashion terminologies.
 Exhibit Knowledge about Fashion Centers.
 Demonstrate understanding of various categories of menswear, women’s wear and children wear.
 Demonstrate understanding of trims used in Apparels.
 Demonstrate understanding of difference between High Fashion, Mass Fashionand Custom made Clothing.
Course Content
 Understanding Fashion definition and overview
 Haute couture, High Fashion, Ready to Wear, Mass produced garments
 Fashion Capitals
 Meanswear – Introduction, Categories, Elements of Design, Shirts, Pants and Shorts, Suits
 Womenswear – dresses, blouses, skirts, trousers, kameezes, saris & blouses
 Introduction, Indian Womenswear, Elements of design and categories, in womenswear dresses, blouses./ skirts, trousers, kameezes, saris & blouses.
 Kids wear – Introduction, garments for different ages – New born, Infants Toddlers, Pre teans and Teans, dungarees
 Trims used for the fashion apparel
Teaching Methodology: Illustrated lectures with slides and visuals.
Reference Text:
Concept to consumer by Gini Stephens Frings
Encyclopaedia of Fashion details

Chapter-IV: Basics of Garment Making (20 Marks)

Objectives of the course
 To teach students to assemble a garment
 To construct a bodice using different seams
 To stitch a placket for bodice opening
 To finish a neckline using piping and facing
 To set a sleeve in the arm hole
Learning outcomes
After completion of the unit, the students shall be able to:
 assemble various parts of the garments.
 finish a bodice with suitable seam finishes.
 attach the sleeves to the armhole.
 assemble of cuffs
 make samples of different garment components – sleev cuffs, neckless finishs, plackets.
Course content
 Understanding fabric types and selection of underlining, interfacing and inter-lining
 Pattern methods, fabric for cutting
 Pattern layout and cutting of special fabrics
 Assembly of bodice using different seams and appropriate finish for side seam and shoulder seams
 Types of plackets
 Appropriate neckline finishes with piping, bias facing and shaped facing of stay stitching
 Sleeve attachment to the bodice by setting in the sleeve into armhole
 Assembly of cuffs.
Teaching Methodology: Illustrate the content with slides, visuals and demonstrations wherever required.
Reference Text:
 Encyclopedia of dressmaking by Marshall Cavendish
 Readers Digest book of Sewing
 Encyclopedia of Sewing

Class – XII Fashion Studies

Practicals

Chapter-I: History of Fashion
1. To identify the cultural context of body adornment and its continuation in contemporary society.
2. To use visual references to analyze ancient draped garments.
3. To analyze the impact of Industrial Revolution during the British Raj in India
4. Refer books, visit museums and archives, and view war moves as sources of information to make
projects on war clothing.
Chapter-II: Basic Pattern Development
5. Develop and test fit a basic bodice.
6. Develop and test fit bodices through dart manipulation.
7. Develop and test fit a basic skirt.
8. Develop style variations of skirts.
Chapter-III: Elements of Fashion
9. Design products with self-generated prints inspired from nature.
10. To demonstrate creative exploration of patterns created by using food products for dyeing process.
11. Develop print designs inspired inspired from animal skin by innovative use of materials.
12. Stencil printing technique to create design patterns / motifs.
Chapter-IV: Basics of Garment Making
13. Stitch a sample of a continuous placekt.
14. Stitch a sample of a basic shirt placket.
15. Stitch a sample of a basic shirt placket with facing.
16. Stitch a sample each of Extended facing, Bias facing and Shaped facing.
17. Stitch a sample of a cuff.

Download latest cbse Class 12 NCC syllabus for March 2018 board exam including NCC Practical Syllabus. Class 12 NCC CBSE Board exam will be of 70 marks & 30 marks will be of Practicals. Common subjects will be of 49 marks and 21 marks for Special subjects (Army, Navy, Air Force). Details of unit-wise distribution of marks for board exam is given in the syllabus.

Along with NCC syllabus for class 12 cbse has also issued the topic-wise breakup of questions along with weightage of each topic. That’s why it is recommended to download latest Class 12 NCC syllabus 2018 this year and be on safe side.  Be smart, prepare according to syllabus and practise at least sample papers issued by cbse and previous year questions. NCC will help you a lot if you want to join armed forces.

Here we have presented the CBSE syllabus of NCC class 12 in the same format as released by CBSE, without any changes or editing from our side. Students are advised to download the NCC class 12 syllabus cbse for the March 2018 exam even if you have the previous year syllabus because there might be changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format or Scroll down to view.

NCC Class 12 Syllabus Session 2017-18




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Detailed Syllabus NCC Class 12 for March 2018 Board Exam

COMMON SUBJECTS SYLLABUS

Unit-1: National Integration and Awareness

Aim: To inculcate sense of patriotism, secular values and motivate cadets to contribute towards nation building through national unity and social cohesion.
Scope: The concepts of national interests, objectives and integration, unity in diversity and cultural heritage of India.
 Freedom Struggle and Nationalist Movement in India
 National Interests, Objectives, Threats and Opportunities
 Problems/Challenges of National Integration
 Unity in Diversity

Unit-2: Drill

Aim: To inculcate a sense of discipline, improve bearing, smartness, turnout and to develop the quality of immediate and implicit obedience of orders.
Scope: All important basic aspects of drill including ceremonial drill, drill with arms and words of command.
Drill without Arms
Side pace, pace forward and to the rear
 Turning on the march and wheeling
 Saluting on the march
 Marking time, forward march and halt in quick time
 Changing step
 Formation of squad and squad drill Drill with Arms
 Getting on parade with rifle and dressing at the order
 Dismissing and falling out
 Gun salute, Salami Shashtra
 Squad drill
 Short/long trail from the order and vice-versa
 Examine arms Ceremonial Drill
 Guard Mounting

 Guard of Honour
 Platoon/Company drill

Unit-3: Weapon Training

Aim: To give elementary knowledge about rifles
Scope: Basic Knowledge about rifle and firing
 The lying position, holding and aiming
 Trigger operation and firing a shot
 Range precautions and safety precautions
 Theory of group and snap shooting
 Short range firing, aiming and alteration of sight

Unit-4: Personality Development and Leadership

Aim: To develop an all-round dynamic personality with adequate leadership traits to deal / contribute effectively in all walks of life.
Scope: Basic subjects of leadership with emphasis on self awareness, life/soft skills, time management and character building.
 Self awareness – know yourself/insight
 Inter personal relationship and communication
 Communication skills: group discussions/ lecturettes
 Time management
 Effects of leadership with historical examples
 Interview skills
 Conflict motives – resolution
 Sociability: social skills
 Values/code of ethics

Unit-5: Disaster Management

Aim: To train cadets to assist civil administration in performance of selective duties during disasters.
Scope: Basic information about civil defence organization and its duties, maintenance of essential services and providing assistance to civil administration in various types of emergencies during national disasters.
 Fire services and fire fighting
 Assistance during natural/ other calamities: Flood/cyclone earthquake/accident, etc.

Unit-6: Social Awareness and Community Development

Aim: To teach cadets the values and skills involved in providing voluntary Social Service.
Scope: Understanding of social service and its needs, knowledge about the weaker sections of our society and their requirements, about NGOs and contribution of youth towards social welfare.
 NGOs – Role and contribution
 Drug abuse and trafficking
 Corruption
 Social evils viz. dowry/female foeticide/child abuse and trafficking, etc.
 Traffic control organisation and anti-drunken driving

Unit-7: Health and Hygiene

Aim: To instil respect and responsibility towards personal health and hygiene.
Scope: Basic information of the human body, maintenance of health, hygiene, sanitation, disease and an elementary knowledge of first aid and nursing.
 Hygiene and sanitation (personal and food hygiene)
 Basics of home nursing and first aid in common medical emergencies
 Wounds and fractures

Unit-8: Adventure Training and Obstacle Training

Aim: To inculcate a sense of adventure and develop confidence, courage and determination
Scope: To expose cadets to various adventure activities
 Para sailing
 Rock climbing

Unit-9: Environment Awareness and Conservation

Aim: To sensitise the cadets on natural resource conservation and protection of environment
Scope: Basic understanding of environment in general and waste management in particular, energy conservation, pollution control and wildlife conservation in particular.
 Waste management
 Pollution control: Water, air, noise and soil

SPECIALISED SUBJECTS SYLLABUS

For specialized subjects syllabus, download the full syllabus given above and refer to specialised subject section of Army/Air Force/ Navy.

Download latest cbse Class 12 Philosophy syllabus for March 2018 board exam including marking scheme and weightage of each unit. Class 12 Philosophy CBSE Board exam will be of100 marks. Details of unit-wise distribution of marks for board exam is given in the syllabus.

Although the topics and textbooks remain same, the syllabus to be covered for board exam vary year by year. Along with Philosophy syllabus for class 12 cbse has also issued the chapter-wise breakup of questions along with weightage of each chapter. That’s why it is recommended to download latest Class 12 Philosophy syllabus 2018 this year and be on safe side.  Be smart, prepare according to syllabus and practise at least sample papers issued by cbse and previous year questions

Here we have presented the CBSE syllabus of Philosophy class 12 in the same format as released by CBSE, without any changes or editing from our side. Students are advised to download the Philosophy class 12 syllabus cbse for the March 2018 exam even if you have the previous year syllabus because there might be changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format or Scroll down to view.

Philosophy Class 12 Syllabus for March 2018 Exam 




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Detailed Syllabus Philosophy Class 12 for March 2018 Board Exam

Unit 1: Ethics (Moral Philosophy)   (70 Marks)

A. Western Ethical Theories (25 Marks)
(i) Divine Command theory 
(ii) Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics 
(iii) Immanuel Kant’s Deontology
(iv) J.S. Mill’s Utilitarianism

B. Indian Ethics  (25 Marks)
(v) The concept of Rta; the concept and kinds of Dharma: Samanyadharma, Apaddharma, Varnasramadharma 
(vi) Purusarthas: Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksa 
(vii) The Bhagavadgita on Svadharma, Niskama-Karma, Lokasamgraha 
(viii) Buddhist view on Pancasila, Eightfold Path (Astanga-Marga), Brahmavihara, Bodhisattva’s vows 
(ix) Jaina view on Panca-Mahavrata 
(x) Mahatma Gandhi and Vivekananda on religious tolerance

C. Ethical Concerns (20 Marks)
(xi) Gender Equality
(xii) Ambedkar’s critique of caste and untouchability 
(xiii) Theories of punishment, issue of capital punishment
(xiv) Human Rights 
(xv) Environmental degradation

Unit 2: Theory of Reality (Metaphysics) (30 Marks)

(xvi) Proofs for the existence of God: ontological, cosmological, and design arguments; Problem of Evil
(xvii) Descartes on mind-body dualism 
(xviii) Nyaya proofs for the existence of God 
(xix) The Bhagavadgita on the immortality of soul and rebirth 
(xx) Jaina view on Anekantavada, Syadvada

 

References:
Smith and Titus, Living Issues in Philosophy.
William Lillie, An Introduction to Ethics.
Duncan Richter, Why be Good: A Historical Introduction to Ethics.
Peter Singer, Practical Ethics.
I.C. Sharma, Ethical Philosophies in India, Allen and Unwin, 1991.
Y.V. Satyanarayana, Ethics Theory and Practice, Pearson, 2010
H.S. Prasad, The Centrality of Ethics in Buddhism, Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 2007.
P.T. Raju, Structural Depths of Indian Philosophy.
S.N. Desgupta, Indian Philosophy, 5 Volume.
S. Radhakrishnan, Indian Philosophy, 2 Volumes.
M. Hiriyanna, Indian Philosophy.
S.S. Chatterji, Nyaya Theory of Knowledge.
Rajendra Prasad, Varnadharma, Niskama Karma, and Practical Morality.

Download latest cbse Class 12 Psychology syllabus for March 2018 board exam including Psychology Practical Syllabus. Class 12 Psychology CBSE Board exam will be of 70 marks & 30 marks will be of Practicals. Details of unit-wise distribution of marks for board exam is given in the syllabus.

Although the topics and textbooks remain same, the syllabus to be covered for board exam vary year by year. Along with Psychology syllabus for class 12 cbse has also issued the chapter-wise breakup of questions along with weightage of each chapter. That’s why it is recommended to download latest Class 12 Psychology syllabus 2018 this year and be on safe side.  Be smart, prepare according to syllabus and practise at least sample papers issued by cbse and previous year questions.  The books of the Psychology for class 11 and 12 are also a little bit helpful in UPSC exam.

Here we have presented the CBSE syllabus of Psychology class 12 in the same format as released by CBSE, without any changes or editing from our side. Students are advised to download the Psychology class 12 syllabus cbse for the March 2018 exam even if you have the previous year syllabus because there might be changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format or Scroll down to view.

Psychology Class 12 Syllabus for March 2018 Exam 




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Detailed Syllabus Psychology Class 12 for March 2018 Board Exam

Unit-I: Variations in Psychological Attributes

  1. Introduction
  2. Individual Differences in Human Functioning
  3. Assessment of Psychological Attributes
  4. Intelligence
  5. Theories of Intelligence
    1. Theory of Multiple Intelligences
    2. Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
    3. Planning, Attention-arousal, and Simultaneous successive Model of Intelligence
  6. Individual Differences in Intelligence
    1. Variations of Intelligence
  7. Culture and Intelligence
  8. Emotional Intelligence
  9. Special Abilities
    1. Aptitude: Nature and Measurement
  10. Creativity

Unit-II: Self and Personality

  1. Introduction
  2. Self and Personality
  3. Concept of Self
  4. Cognitive and Behavioural Aspects of Self
    1. Self-esteem, Self-efficacy and Self-regulation
  5. Culture and Self
  6. Concept of Personality
  7. Major Approaches to the Study of Personality
    1. Type Approaches
    2. Trait Approaches
    3. Psychodynamic Approach
    4. Behavioural Approach
    5. Cultural Approach
    6. Humanistic Approach
  8. Assessment of Personality
    1. Self-report Measures
    2. Projective Techniques
    3. Behavioural Analysis

Unit-III: Meeting Life Challenges

  1. Introduction
  2. Nature, Types and Sources of Stress
  3. Effects of Stress on Psychological Functioning and Health
    1. Stress and Health
    2. General Adaptation Syndrome
    3. Stress and Immune System
    4. Lifestyle
  4. Coping with Stress
    1. Stress Management Techniques
  5. Promoting Positive Health and Well-being
    1. Life Skills

Unit-IV: Psychological Disorders

  1. Introduction
  2. Concepts of abnormality and psychological Disorders
  3. Classification of Psychological Disorders
  4. Factors Underlying Abnormal Behaviour
  5. Major Psychological Disorders
    1. Anxiety Disorders
    2. Somatoform Disorders
    3. Dissociative Disorders
    4. Mood Disorders
    5. Schizophrenic Disorders
    6. Behavioural and Developmental Disorders
    7. Substance-use Disorders

Unit-V: Therapeutic Approaches

  1. Nature and process of psychotherapy
    1. Therapeutic relationship
  2. Types of therapies
    1. Psychodynamic Therapy
    2. Behaviour Therapy
    3. Cognitive Therapy
    4. Humanistic-existential Therapy
    5. Biomedical Therapy
    6. Alternative Therapies
  3. Rehabilitation of the Mentally III

Unit-VI: Attitude And Social Cognition

  1. Introduction
  2. Explaining Social Behaviour
  3. Nature and Components of Attitudes
  4. Attitude Formation and Change
    1. Attitude Formation
    2. Attitude Change
    3. Attitude-Behaviour Relationship
  5. Prejudice and Discrimination
  6. Strategies for Handling Prejudice
  7. Social Cognition
  8. Schemas and Stereotypes
  9. Impression Formation and Explaining
  10. Behaviour of Others through Attributions
    1. Impression Formation
    2. Attribution of Causality
  11. Behaviour in the Presence of Others
  12. Pro-social Behaviour
    1. Factors Affecting Pro-social Behaviour

Unit-VII: Social Influence And Group Processes

  1. Introduction
  2. Nature and Formation of Groups
  3. Type of Groups
  4. Influence of Group on Individual Behaviour
    1. Social Loafing
    2. Group Polarisation
  5. Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience
  6. Cooperation and Competition
    1. Determinants of Cooperation and Competition
  7. Social Identity
  8. Intergroup Conflict: Nature and Causes
  9. Conflict Resolution Strategies

Unit-VIII: Psychology and Life

  1. Introduction
  2. Human-Environment Relationship
    1. Different Views of the Human-Environment Relationship
  3. Environmental Effects on Human Behaviour
    1. Human Influence on the Environment
    2. Noise
    3. Pollution
    4. Crowding
    5. Natural Disasters
  4. Promoting Pro-environmental Behaviour
  5. Psychology and Social Concerns
    1. Poverty and Discrimination
    2. Aggression, Violence, and Peace
    3. Mahatma Gandhi on Non-violence
    4. Health
    5. Impact of Television on Behaviour

Unit-IX: Developing Psychological Skills

  1. Introduction
  2. Developing as an effective Psychologist
  3. General Skills
  4. Observational Skills
  5. Specific Skills
    1. Communication Skills
    2. Psychological Testing Skills
  6. Interviewing Skills
  7. Counselling Skills

 

Practicals (30 Marks)

A. Development of case profile:
Using appropriate methods like, interview, observation and psychological tests.
B. Test administration:
Students are required to administer and interpret five tests.
C. In Practical examination, the student will be required to administer and interpret two psychological
tests.
Distribution of Marks:
(i) Practical File (10 Marks)
(ii) Viva Voce (Case profile and practical) ( 05 Marks)
(iii) Two practicals (5 for conduction and 10 for reporting).  (15 Marks)

Prescribed Books:

1. Psychology, Class XI, Published by NCERT
2. Psychology, Class XII, Published by NCERT
Note: The above textbooks are also available in Hindi medium.

Download latest cbse Class 12 Entrepreneurship syllabus for March 2018 board exam including marking scheme and weightage of each chapter. Class 12 Entrepreneurship CBSE Board exam will be of 70 marks & 30 marks will be of Practicals. 

Although the topics and textbooks remain same, the syllabus to be covered for board exam vary year by year. Along with Entrepreneurship syllabus for class 12 cbse has also issued the chapter-wise breakup of questions along with weightage of each chapter. That’s why it is recommended to download latest Class 12 Entrepreneurship syllabus 2018 this year and be on safe side.  Be smart, prepare according to syllabus and practise at least sample papers issued by cbse and previous year questions

Here we have presented the CBSE syllabus of Entrepreneurship class 12 in the same format as released by CBSE, without any changes or editing from our side. Students are advised to download the Entrepreneurship class 12 syllabus cbse for the March 2018 exam even if you have the previous year syllabus because there might be changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format or Scroll down to view.

Entrepreneurship Class 12 Syllabus Session: 2017-18 




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Detailed Syllabus Entrepreneurship Class 12 Session: 2017-18

THEORY (70 Marks)

Unit 1: Entrepreneurial Opportunities

 Sensing Entrepreneural Opportunities
 Environment Scanning
 Problem Identification
 Spotting Trends
 Creativity and Innovation
 Selecting the Right Opportunity

Unit 2: Plentrepreneurial Planning

 Forms of Business Entitites – Sole proprietorship, Joint Stock Company – Meaning characteristics and suitability
 Business Plan
 Organisational plan
 Operational plan and production plan
 Financial plan
 Marketing Plan
 Human Resource Planning
 Formalities for starting a business

Unit 3: Enterprise Marketing

 Goals of Business; Goal Setting. SMART Goals
 Marketing and Sales strategy
 Branding – Business name, logo, tag line
 Promotion strategy
 Negotiations – Importance and methods
 Customer Relations
 Vendor Management
 Business Failure – Reasons

Unit 4: Enterprise Growth Strategies

 Franchising
 Merger and Acquisition
 Value Chain and Value Addition

Unit 5: Business Arithmetic

 Unit of Sale, Unit Cost for multiple products or services

 Break even Analysis for multiple products or services
 Importance and use of cash flow projections
 Budgeting and managing the finances
 Computation of working capital
 Inventory control and EOQ
 Return on Investment (ROI) and Return on Equity (ROE)

Unit 6: Resource Mobilization

 Angel Investor
 Venture Capital Funds
 Stock Market – raising funds
 Specialized Financial Institutions – Meaning and objectives

Project Work (30 Marks)

1) Business Plan
2) Survey
Refer to the Guidelines issued by CBSE

Prescribed Books:
1. Entrepreneurship – Class XI- C.B.S.E, Delhi
2. Entrepreneurship – Class XII – C.B.S.E., Delhi
3. Udyamita (in Hindi) by Dr. MMP. Akhouri and S.P Mishra, pub. By National Institute for Entrepreneurship
and Small Business Development (NIESBUD), NSIC-PATC Campus, Okhla
4. Everyday Entrepreneurs – The harbingers of Prosperity and creators of Jobs – Dr. Aruna Bhargava.

Magazines
1. Udyamita Samachar Patra (Monthly, Hindi), Pub. By centre for Entrepreneurship Development, M.P.
(CEDMAP), 60 Jail Road, Jhangerbad, Bhopal-462008.
2. Science Tec. Entrepreneur (A Bi Monthly Publication), centre for Enterprenurship Development, M.P
(CEDMAP), 60 Jail Road, Jhangerbad, Bhopal – 462008
3. Laghu Udhyog Samachar
4. Project Profile by DCSSI

 

 

Download latest cbse Class 12 Engineering Graphics syllabus for March 2018 board exam. Class 12 Engineering Graphics CBSE Board exam will be of 70 marks & 30 marks will be of Practicals. Indian Society will constitute 32 marks & Change and Development in Indian Society will weight 48 marks, details of which are given in the syllabus.

Although the topics and textbooks remain same, the syllabus to be covered for board exam vary year by year. Along with Engineering Graphics syllabus for class 12 cbse has also issued the chapter-wise breakup of questions along with weightage of each chapter. That’s why it is recommended to download latest Class 12 Engineering Graphics syllabus 2018 this year and be on safe side. Be smart, prepare according to syllabus and practise at least sample papers issued by cbse and previous year questions.  The books of the Engineering Graphics for class 11 and 12 are also very helpful if you are going for engineering after your school.

Here we have presented the Engineering Graphics class 12 syllabus issued by cbse in the same format as released by CBSE, without any changes or editing from our side. Students are advised to download the Engineering Graphics syllabus of class 12 cbse for the March 2018 exam even if you have the previous year syllabus because there might be changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format or Scroll down to view.

Engineering Graphics Class 12 Syllabus 2017-18 




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Syllabus of Engineering Graphics Class 12  Session: 2017-18

 

Unit I: Isometric Projection of Solids (50Periods)

(i) Construction of isometric scale showing main divisions of 10 mm and smaller divisions of 1 mm, also showing the leading angles. Drawing helping view/s such as triangles, pentagon, hexagon, etc., using isometric scale.

(ii) Isometric projections (drawn to isometric scale) of solids such as cube, regular prism and pyramids (triangular, square, pentagonal and hexagonal), cone, cylinder, sphere, hemisphere, frustum of right regular pyramids (triangular, square, pentagonal, hexagonal) and cone, when they are cut by a plane parallel to the base. The axis and the base side of the solid should be either perpendicular to HP / VP or parallel to HP and VP. (Indicate the direction of viewing)

(iii) Combination of two solids (except “frustum” of Pyramids and Cone) Keeping the base side parallel or perpendicular to HP/VP and placed centrally together, axis of both the solids should not be given parallel to HP.

Note:

  • (1) Question on frustum will be asked in vertical position only. 
  • (2) Hidden lines are not required in isometric projection.

Unit II: Machine Drawing (as per SP46: 2003)   (118 Periods)

A. Drawing of machine parts

(i) Drawing to full size scale with instruments.

(Internal choice will be given between any two of the following).

Introduction of threads: Standard profiles of screw threads square, knuckle, B.S.W., Metric (external and internal). Bolts (Square, Hexagonal, Tee and Hook); Nuts: (Square and Hexagonal), Plain washer, combination of nut and bolt with or without washer for assembling two parts together, Single riveted lap joint with standard dimensions.

(ii) Free-hand sketches 

(Internal choice will be given between any two of the following).

Conventional representation of external and internal threads; studs (plain, square-neck and collar), screws (round-head, cheese-head, 900 flat counter sunk-head, hexagonal sockethead and grub-screw). Types of rivets:- snap head, pan head-without tapered neck, flat head and 600 countersunk flat head. Types of sunk-keys (rectangular taper, woodruff and double-head feather key with gib head on both ends).

B. Assembly drawings and Dis-Assembly drawings

(Internal choice will be given between an Assembly drawing and a Dis-Assembly drawing).

Note:

1. In all Assembly drawings, half sectional front view will be asked. Side/End view or Top View/Plan will be drawn without section.

2. In all the Dis-assembly drawings, only two orthographic views (one of the two views may be half in section or full in section) of any two parts.

3. (a) In all sectional views, hidden lines / edges are not to be shown. (b) In all full views, hidden /edges are to be shown.

1. Bearings

  • (i) Open-Bearing
  • (ii) Bushed-Bearing

2. Rod-Joints

  • (i) Cotter-joints for circular-rods (socket and spigot joint)
  • (ii) Cotter-joints for round-rods (sleeve and cotter joint)
  • (iii) Cotter-joints for square rods (Gib and cotter-joint)

3. Tie-rod and Pipe-joint

  • (i) Turnbuckle
  • (ii) Flange pipe joint

4. Couplings

  • (i) Unprotected Flange Coupling (having socket and spigot arrangement)
  • (ii) Protected Flange Coupling

5. Pulleys

  • (i) Solid cast iron pulley – (up to 200 mm diameters) having solid web

PRACTICALS

One paper (Practical): 3 Hours

(i) To perform the following tasks from the given views of the prescribed Machine
Block (One).
Value-Points
1. Copy the given views (1 marks)
2. Drawing the missing view without hidden lines (2 marks)
3. Sketching the Isometric view without hidden edges (5 marks)
4. To make the machine block of the above in three dimensions.
(not to scale but approximately proportionately) drawn with any medium
i.e. thermocol, soap-cake, plasticine, clay, wax, orchsis (available with florists), etc. (7 marks)
(ii) Computer Aided Design (CAD) – Project (10 marks)
Project file to be submitted on the simple solids (Prism, Pyramids and Frustums of equilateral triangle,
square, pentagon and hexagon) or machine blocks as prescribed in part-I by using the CAD software.
(iii) (i) Sessional work relating to machine blocks as prescribed.  (3 marks)
(ii) Viva-voce based on part-I and part-II  (2 marks)

Download latest cbse Class 12 Sociology syllabus for March 2018 board exam. Class 12 Sociology CBSE Board exam will be of 80 marks & 20 marks will be of Practicals. Indian Society will constitute 32 marks & Change and Development in Indian Society will weight 48 marks, details of which are given in the syllabus.

Although the topics and textbooks remain same, the syllabus to be covered for board exam vary year by year. Along with Sociology syllabus for class 12 cbse has also issued the chapter-wise breakup of questions along with weightage of each chapter. That’s why it is recommended to download latest Class 12 Sociology syllabus 2018 this year and be on safe side. We’ve got several queries from students throughout the country regarding their poor performance in the board exams. One noteworthy point among them was that most of them didn’t bother about the Sociology syllabus issued by CBSE, they just practised the sample papers or directly appeared in board exams. It’s very important to avoid such situation. Be smart, prepare according to syllabus and practise at least sample papers issued by cbse and previous year questions.  The books of the Geography for class 11 and 12 are also very helpful in UPSC exam.

Here we have presented the Sociology class 12 syllabus issued by cbse in the same format as released by CBSE, without any changes or editing from our side. Students are advised to download the Sociology syllabus of class 12 cbse for the March 2018 exam even if you have the previous year syllabus because there might be changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format or Scroll down to view.

Geography Syllabus Class 12 for March 2018 Exam 




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Detailed Syllabus Sociology Class 12  Session: 2017-18

A. Indian Society

Unit 1: Introducing Indian Society 

  • Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community

Unit 2: Demographic Structure and Indian Society

  • Theories and concepts in demography
  • Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions

Unit 3: Social Institutions: Continuity and Change

  • Family and Kinship
  • The Caste System

Unit 4: Market as a Social Institution

  •  Sociological perspectives on markets and the economy.
  • Globalization – Interlinking of Local, Regional, National and International Markets.

Unit 5: Pattern of Social Inquality and Exclusion

  • Caste Prejudice, Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes
  • Marginalization of Tribal Communities
  • The Struggle for Women’s Equality
  • The struggles of the Differently Abled

Unit 6: The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

  • Cultural communities and the nation state
  • Problems of Communalism, Regionalism and Casteism
  • The Nation state, religion related issues and identities
  • Communalism, secularism and the nation state
  • State and Civil Society

Unit 7: Suggestions for Project Work

B. Change and Development in India

Unit 8: Structural Change 

  • Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization

Unit 9: Cultural Change 

  • Modernization, Westernization, Sanskritisation, Secularization
  • Social Reform Movements and Laws

Unit 10: The Story of Democracy 

  • The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change
  • Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
  • Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation

Unit 11: Change and Development in Rural Society 

  • Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Emerging Agrarian society
  • Agrarian Structure : Caste & class in Rural India
  • Land Reforms
  • Green revolution and its social consequencess
  • Transformation in Rural Society
  • Globalization, Liberalization and Rural Society

Unit 12: Change and Development in Industrial Society 

  • From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
  • Getting a Job
  • Work Processes

Unit 13: Globalisation and Social Change

  • Dimensions of Globalization

Unit 14: Mass Media and Communication

  • Types of Mass Media: Radio, Television and Print Media
  • Changing Nature of Mass Media

Unit 15: Social Movements 

  • Theories and Classification of Social Movements
  • Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants
  • Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Castes, Trends in Upper Caste Responses
  • Women’s Movements in Independent India
  • Tribal Movements
  • Environmental Movements

Prescribed Books:

1. Introducing Sociology, Class XI, Published by NCERT
2. Understanding Society, Class XI, Published by NCERT
3. Indian Society, Class XII, Published by NCERT
4. Social Change and Development in India, Class XII, published by NCERT

Download latest cbse Class 12 Geography syllabus for March 2018 board exam including Map work Syllabus. Class 12 Geography CBSE Board exam will be of 70 marks & 30 marks will be of Practicals. Fundamentals of Human Geography & India: People and Economy will weight 30 marks each and 5 marks map work from each book, details of which are given in the syllabus.

Although the topics and textbooks remain same, the syllabus to be covered for board exam vary year by year. Along with Geography syllabus for class 12 cbse has also issued the chapter-wise breakup of questions along with weightage of each chapter. That’s why it is recommended to download latest Class 12 Geography syllabus 2018 this year and be on safe side. We’ve got several queries from students throughout the country regarding their poor performance in the board exams. One noteworthy point among them was that most of them didn’t bother about the Geography syllabus issued by CBSE, they just practised the sample papers or directly appeared in board exams. It’s very important to avoid such situation. Be smart, prepare according to syllabus and practise at least sample papers issued by cbse and previous year questions.  The books of the Geography for class 11 and 12 are also very helpful in UPSC exam.

Here we have presented the CBSE syllabus of Geography class 12 in the same format as released by CBSE, without any changes or editing from our side. Students are advised to download the Geography class 12 syllabus cbse for the March 2018 exam even if you have the previous year syllabus because there might be changes in the syllabus, question pattern and weightage of each chapter.

Click on the button below to download the syllabus in pdf format or Scroll down to view.

Geography Syllabus for Class 12 March 2018 




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Detailed Syllabus Geography Class 12 Session: 2017-18

A. Fundamentals of Human Geography

Unit 1: Human Geography: Nature and Scope

Unit 2: People 

Population-distribution,density and growth

Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change;

Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition; 

Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons

Unit 3: Human Activities 

Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities – some examples from selected countries.

Secondary activities-concept; manufacturing: types – household, small scale, large scale; agro based and mineral based industries; people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries.

Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport and tourism; services; people engaged in tertiary activities – some examples from selected countries.

Quatenary activities – concept; people engaged in quatenary activities – case study from selected countries.

Unit 4: Transport, Communication & Trade 

Land transport – roads, railways; trans-continental railways.

Water transport – inland waterways; major ocean routes.

Air transport – Intercontinental air routes.

Oil and gas pipelines.

Satellite communication and cyber space- Importance and usage for geographical information; use of GPS.

International trade-Bases and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, role of WTO in International trade.

Ocean: National rights and international treaties.

Unit 5: Human settlements 

Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries.

Map Work

Map Work on identification of features based on 1-5 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of World.

B. India: People and Economy

Unit 6: People 

Population: distribution, density and growth; composition of population – linguistic, religious; sex, rural-urban and occupational-regional variations in growth of population.

Migration: international, national-causes and consequences.

Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns.

Population, environment and development.

Unit 7: Human Settlements 

Rural settlements – types and distribution.

Urban settlements – types, distribution and functional classification.

Unit 8: Resources and Development 

Land resources – general land use; agricultural land use, Geographical conditions and distribution of major crops (Wheat, Rice, Tea, Coffee, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane and Rubber), agricultural development and problems.

Water resources – availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods -rain water harvesting and watershed management.

Mineral and energy resources – distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation.

Industries – types, factors of industrial location; distribution and changing pattern of selected industries-iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge-based industries; impact of liberalization, privatisation and globalisation on industrial location; industrial clusters.

Planning in India – target group area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development (case study).

Unit 9: Transport, Communication and International Trade 

Transport and communication-roads, railways, waterways and airways: oil and gas pipelines; Geographical information and communication networks.

International trade – changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; sea ports and their hinterland and airports.

Unit 10: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems 

Environmental pollution; urban – waste disposal.

Urbanisation, rural-urban migration; problems of slums.

Land degradation.

Map Work

Map work on locating and labelling of features based on above units on outline map of India.

Part-C Practical Work

Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping
 Type and Sources of data: Primary, Secondary and other sources.
 Tabulating and processing of data; calculation of averages, measures of central tendency,
deviation and rank correlation.
 Representation of data- construction of diagrams: bars, circles and flowchart; thematic maps;
construction of dot; choropleth and isopleth maps.
 Data analysis and generation of diagrams, graphs and other visual diagrams using computers.
Unit 2: Field Study or Spatial Information Technology
Field visit and study: map orientation, observation and preparation of sketch; survey on any one
of the local concerns; pollution, ground water changes, land use and land-use changes, poverty,
energy issues, soil degradation, impact of floods and drought, catchment area of school, Market
survey and Household survey (any one topic of local concern may be taken up for the study;
observation and questionnaire survey may be adopted for the data collection; collected data may
be tabulated and analysed with diagrams and maps). Students can be given different topics to get
more insight into various problems of society.

OR

Spatial Information Technology
Introduction to GIS; hardware requirements and software modules; data formats; raster and
vector data, data input, editing and topology building; data analysis; overlay and buffer.

Prescribed Books:

1. Fundamentals of Physical Geography, Class XI, Published by NCERT
2. India, Physical Environment, Class XI, Published by NCERT
3. Practical Work in Geography, Class XI, Published by NCERT
4. Fundamentals of Human Geography, Class XII, Published by NCERT
5. India – People and Economy, Class XII, Published by NCERT
6. Practical Work in Geography, Class XII, Published by NCERT
Note: The above textbooks are also available in Hindi medium.

 

Class 12 Geography Map Work Syllabus 2018

Fundamentals of Human Geography
Textbook I (NCERT)
Revised Map Items for identification only on outline political map of the World.

Unit-1 Ch.-1 Nil


Unit-2 Ch. 2 to 4  A large country in each continement in terms of area.
 Areas having low and high density of population of each
continent.
Countries having low/high growth rate of population.


Unit-3 Ch. 5 to 7 Areas of subsistence gathering.
Major areas of nomadic herding of the world.
Major areas of commercial livestock rearing.
Major areas of extensive commercial grain faming.
Major areas of mixed farming of the World.
Major areas of mediterreneam agricalture of the World.
Ruhr region, Silicon Valley, Appalachian region, Great
lakes region.


Unit-4 Ch. 8 to 9 Transcontinental Railways: Terminal Stations of
transcontinental railways
Major Sea Ports :
Europe: North Cape, London, Hamburg North America:
Vancouver, San Francisco, New Orleans
South America: Rio De Janeiro, Colon, Valparaiso
Africa: Suez, Durban and Cape Town
Asia: Yokohama, Shanghai, Hongkong, Aden,
Colombo, Karachi, Kolkata
Australia: Perth, Sydney, Melbourne and Auckland
Inland Waterways: Suez canal, Panama canal, Rhine
waterway and St. Lawrence Seaway
Major Airports:
Asia: Tokyo, Beijing, Irkutsk, Vladivostok, Mumbai, Jedda,
Aden
Europe: Moscow, London, Paris, Berlin and Rome
North America: Chicago, New Orleans, Mexico City
South America: Bogota, Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Santiago
Australia: Drarwin and Wellington.


Unit- 5


Ch. 10


Megacities of the world


 

India – People and Economy
Textbook II (NCERT)
Revised Map for locating and labelling only on the outline political map of India


Units – 6, 7



Ch. 1 to 4



• State with high level of urbanised and low level of urbanisation
• One state higher level of HDI & One lower level of HDI
• State with higher level of pop pressure on land & one state lover level of pop pressure in land.
• One out migrating state
• One in migrating state
• One state with higher gender ratio & one with lower gender ratio
• Any city with more than 10 million population.


Unit – 8 Ch.5 to 9 Leading producing states of the following crops:
(a) Rice, (b) Wheat, (c) Jowar, (d) Bajra,
(e) Maize, (f) Groundnut, (g) Cotton, (h) Jute,
(i) Sugarcane, (j) Tea, and (k) Coffee
Mines:
Iron-ore mines: Mayurbhanj, Kendujhar, Durg, Bailadila, Ratnagiri, Bellary.
Manganese mines: Sundergarh, Balaghat, Nagpur, Shimoga.
Copper mines: Hazaribagh, Singhbhum, Khetari, Udaipur and Amarkantak.
Bauxite mines: Katni, Bilaspur and Koraput.
Coal mines: Jharia, Bokaro, Raniganj, Korba, Talcher, Singareni, Neyveli.
Oil Refineries: Bhatinda, Panipat, Mathura, Jamnager, Mangalore,
Tatipaka, Haldia, Guwahati, Baroni Industries.
Iron and Steel Plants: Bhadravati, Bhilai, Bokaro.
Durgapur, Rourkela and Jameshedpur.
Cotton Textile: Ahmedabad, Surat, Gwalior, Varanasi, Murshidabad, Pune, Nagpur, Solapur and Mysore.
Software Technology Parks: Gandhinager, Shrinager, Mohali, Shimla, Delhi, Noida, Kanpur, Indore, Hyderabad, Bhubaneshwar and Major Industrial Regions.


Unit – 9 Ch. 10 to 11 Transport:
(i) Important tower on north south corredor easthest corridor & golden quadrleteral.
(ii) Headquarters of all railway zones.
(iii) Major Sea Ports: Kandla, Mumbai, Marmagao, Kochi, Ennore, Tuticorin,
Chennai, Vishakhapatnam, Paradwip, Haldia.
(iv) International Air ports: Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai,
Kolkata, Guwahati, Delhi, Amritsar, Panaji, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram & Hyderabad


Unit – 10


Ch. 12


Nil